As many of you may know, in June of 2013 the New York Court of Appeals held that a sentencing court must consider the eligibility of a qualifying defendant for youthful offender treatment even if the defendant ostensibly waives that right by failing to request it, as part of a negotiated guilty plea, or as a waiver of the right to appeal. The Court so held in People v. Rudolph, overruling its 1977 decision in People v. McGowen.
This decision may help Kyle Freda, who waived the right to youthful offender treatment as part of a negotiated plea, and whose attorney did not file a notice of appeal in light of that waiver. An application to the Appellate Division, Third Department for permission to file a late notice of appeal was granted. That Court remanded the case to the sentencing court, which has scheduled a sentencing hearing. While the Rudolph Court made clear that the decision was not retroactive, it does apply to all cases that were on direct appeal as of June 2013.
These decisions may have important consequences in parts of the states where non-YO guilty pleas are regularly negotiated.